Josiah Spode I died suddenly in 1797 and it fell to his son Josiah Spode II to continue and perfect his fatherâs developments. Stonewares are particularly strong and less susceptible to breakage than earthenwares and Jasperwares. Gift boxed. The flower painting and the gilding are all done by hand. and the company continued on the same site for nearly 250 years. Kakiemon original. Spode died suddenly in 1797, and under his son, Josiah Spode II – a talented, ambitious potter himself – the company continued to go from strength to strength. Spode is an English brand of pottery and homewares produced by the company of the same name, which is based in Stoke-on-Trent, England. 88–104. Spode has been part of Stoke-on-Trent's industrial heritage for almost 250 years. Although the Bow porcelain factory, Chelsea porcelain factory, Royal Worcester and Royal Crown Derby factories had, before Spode, established a proportion of about 40–45 per cent calcined bone in the formula as standard, it was Spode who first abandoned the practice of calcining or fritting the bone with some of the other ingredients, and used the simple mixture of bone ash, china stone and kaolin, which since his time set the basic recipe of bone china. One copy is in the Joseph Downes collection at Winterthur Museum, Gardens, and Library, Delaware, USA.. About Spode. Spodeâs Felspar Porcelain, a variety of Bone China, was developed in 1821 and subsequently became the standard formula for most English Bone China. The initial development of bone china is attributed to Josiah Spode the Second, who introduced it around 1800. He perfected the technique for transfer printing in underglaze blue on fine earthenware in 1783–1784 – a development that led to the launch in 1816 of Spode's Blue Italian range, which has remained in production ever since. After some early trials Spode perfected a stoneware that came closer to porcelain than any previously, and introduced his "Stone-China" in 1813. Collect antique and vintage Spode in complete sets whenever possible. The purchase did not include Royal Worcester or Spode manufacturing facilities. Blue Italian by Spode. Josiah Spode is known to have worked for Thomas Whieldon from the age of 16 until he was 21. To adapt the process from the production of small porcelain teawares to larger earthenware dinnerwares required the creation of more flexible paper to transmit the designs from the engraved copper plate to the biscuit earthenware body, and the development of a glaze recipe that brought the color of the black-blue cobalt print to a brilliant perfection. Copeland & Sons, late Spode". Spode porcelain, porcelain introduced about 1800 in the factory of Josiah Spode and Josiah Spode II at Stoke-upon-Trent, Staffordshire, Eng. These designs, including edge-patterns which had to be manipulated in sections, were cut out using scissors and applied to the biscuit-fired ware (using a white fabric), itself prepared with a gum solution. Spode ‘Girl at the Well’ pattern earthenware plate, transfer printed in blue, c.1823.Â Spode are credited with introducing this pattern which was copies by at least five other manufactories.Â It uses the same border as Union Wreath Third. FREE shipping with $99 purchase* Pieces were not always marked and sometimes just a pattern number appears and no Spode name at all. The intricate gilding shows up well on the cobalt blue ground. Spode II was appointed âPotter to the Prince of Walesâ when the Prince Regent visited the factory in 1806. Josiah Spode I effectively finalised the formula, and appears to have been doing so between 1789 and 1793. Spode was founded by Josiah Spode (1733–1797) in 1770, and was responsible for perfecting two extremely important techniques that were crucial to the worldwide success of the English pottery industry in the century to follow. Many items in Spode's Blue Italian and Woodland ranges are made at Portmeirion Group's factory in Stoke-on-Trent. Josiah Spode is also often credited with developing, around 1790, the formula for fine bone china that was generally adopted by the industry. Spode color … Collectors use the dinnerware throughout the holiday season, in the kitchen, in the dining room, from Thanksgiving to the New Year.  The colour paste was worked into the cut areas of the copper plate and wiped from the uncut surfaces, and then printed by passing through rollers. Painted marks are often in red and marks can also appear printed usually in blue or black, (although other colours were used) or impressed into the clay so appearing colourless. The Copeland and Garrett mark, which was used from 1833 to 1847. In 2006, the business merged with Royal Worcester. He focused his attention on the manufacture of porcelain, a technically more difficult but much finer material than he had previously made, introducing in 1796 a new type of porcelain which he first called âStoke Chinaâ but shortly afterwards renamed âBone Chinaâ, because of the high proportion of calcined ox-bone in its formula. The source for this section is Hayden 1925, Chapter 5, pp. The trade name Felspar Porcelain was used in order to compete with Coalport, who were successfully branding their wares as Felspar Porcelain. Spode also mastered underglaze blue printing, a technique unknown in China. The tissue was then floated off in water, leaving the pattern adhering to the plate. The dinnerware is made in England of high-quality earthenware, Spode's imperialware. Today, we continue to develop collections with the same quality and craftsmanship as Josiah Spode I and his son. The SPODE stamp found incised in the china. On our page, Historic Spode Factory — The People, china painter Denis Emery can be seen decorating a Rhododendron pattern plate. Three generations of the Spode family operated in Stoke-upon-Trent. Feel free to call Elegant Findings Antiques if you have any questions about our antique Spode china. This plate in Pattern number 1495, c.1810, is typical. Pieces date from 1814 to 1833. CORONAVIRUS - THE LATEST UPDATES. At this point, Spode craftspeople did not always mark their pieces, but typically did so in red paint. Spode pattern books, which record about 75000 patterns, survive from about 1800. The traditional bone china recipe was 6 parts bone-ash, 4 parts china stone and 3.5 parts kaolin, all finely ground together. Creamware Devonia shape dish in Pattern number 136 c.1800. Also shown on this page are a small selection of typical Spode wares made during this period, demonstrating how designs and shapes evolved from the highly restrained Georgian styles through the more ebullient decorative forms of the Regency period. Founded by Josiah Spode in Stoke-on-Trent, England. "Spode Felspar Porcelain" is often stamped in underglaze on the bottoms of wares, both in simple typography and in copperplate lettering surrounded by a wreath of thistles and roses. Spodeâs Felspar Porcelain is recognised as the forerunner of all modern English Bone China. Start of the Spode business to 1833: the company was known as Spode. If you have other questions about our selection of Spode china replacements, please call us at (845) 357-0160 to speak with our knowledgeable sales staff. They also made beautiful hand painted porcelain. , Among the many surviving Spode documents are two shape books dated to about 1820 which contain thumbnail sketches of bone china objects with instructions to throwers and turners about size requirements. 20% OFF SITEWIDE WINTER SALE NOW ON* FREE Standard … He then worked in a number of partnerships until he went into business for himself, renting a small potworks in the town of Stoke-on-Trent in 1767; in 1776 he completed the purchase of what became the Spode factory until 2008. The Spode Christmas Tree pattern remains one of the most popular collectibles in the Spode line and in the history of the ceramics. As the understanding of the work of the early potters depends in part on the study of actual specimens, the loss was both aesthetic and scientific. 62. Typical hand painted flowers on a Bone China dessert plate in Pattern 2789, c.1817. Explore the collection including holiday-perfect pieces for Thanksgiving, Christmas, Hanukah and more, many on sale now. These are sometimes called âcandlelight patternsâ as in flickering candlelight, the gilding comes alive and sparkles. Amazon.com. Pattern number 3073 c.1821. Porcelain Garden Pot and Stand in Pattern number 358 c.1803. The business was carried on through his sons at Stoke until April 1833. (spode entrance) 1733-1833Travel through Spode’s historyDiscover the history of the Spode family and business by clicking on the timeline dates aboveExplore the evolution of Spode ceramics by clicking on the timeline images above ... Spode stone china. Overglaze "bat printing" on earthenware was a fairly straightforward process, and designs in a range of colours including black, red and lilac were produced. WHAT IS SPODE? His early products comprised earthenwares such as creamware (a fine cream-coloured earthenware) and pearlware (a fine earthenware with a bluish glaze) as well as a range of stonewares including black basalt, caneware, and jasper which had been popularised by Josiah Wedgwood. From around 1805, Spode introduced new techniques in ground-laying, resulting in an outburst of finely executed colour on ceramics, which ushered in Regency, as opposed to Georgian, style. Bone china, hybrid hard-paste porcelain containing bone ash. Pieces date between 1790 and 1827 and may have a number beneath the stamp. Vast quantities of inexpensive blue-printed earthenware were made in designs often derived from Chinese originals, such as the Willow Pattern, introduced by Spode in 1790 and which became the best-known pattern in the world In 1922, Mr Fred Cuthbertson of Greenwich, Connecticut created the “Original Christmas Tree” pattern for fine dinnerware. There are more than 300 identifying marks, datemarks and backstamps on Copeland Spode pottery going back as far as 1770, according to Heirlooms Antiques Centre. Antique shape jug in earthenware with applied sprig mouldings of Bacchanalian cherubs and fruiting vines c.1820. It is copied from an earlier painting by Keeling in 1806 and engraved by William Greatbach, chief engraver for Spode. Free shipping on many items | Browse your favorite brands | affordable prices. The trade name Felspar Porcelain was used in order to compete with Coalport, who were successfully branding their wares as Felspar Porcelain. Spode had the reputation of producing the best bone china in the world. His son, Josiah Spode II, was certainly responsible for the successful marketing of English bone china. (Copeland :36 fig. Spodeâs Bone China glazes were particularly good in the way they accepted gilding. For the past 250 years, the Spode brand has brought classic china patterns to the market for generations. Spode is one of the greatest names of the Industrial Revolution. (. In partnership with William Copeland, Josiah II continued the business for the next thirty years Under their management in the early 19th century, considered by many to be the âGolden Ageâ of English ceramics, the company grew to be the largest pottery in Stoke and a pre-eminent manufacturer of fine ceramics of every kind. By 1815, underglaze blue printing techniques on earthenware had been perfected and large quantities of services were made, with designs based on a variety of topographical, botanical, Oriental and other subjects. As the technique for transfer printing on earthenwares was perfected, Spodeâs blue and white transfer printed wares were generally considered to be among the finest ever made. The bone porcelains, especially those of Spode, Minton, Davenport and Coalport, eventually established the standards for soft-paste porcelain which were later (after 1800) maintained widely. Josiah Spode I was born in 1733 and after several years working for other local potters, established his own company in 1776 in Church Street, (then known as High Street) Stoke and, like his neighbour and friend Josiah Wedgwood, concentrating on the production of ceramic wares of the finest quality in a variety of bodies. These marks are divided into four main categories, including early Spode from 1770 to 1833, Copeland & Garrett from 1833 to 1847, WT Copeland from 1847 to 1970 and Spode from 1970 to 2014. The Worcester and Caughley factories had commenced transfer printing underglaze and over glaze on porcelain in the early 1750s, and from 1756 overglaze printing was also applied to earthenware and stoneware. The technique of bat printing, which produced an effect similar to that of copperplate engraving on paper, was used at a number of potteries during the Regency period, but none so much as at Spode, who printed many series of designs, often on Bone China. The company was eventually bought by the Copeland family, then in 2009 it was acquired by the Portmeirion Group. The brand names Royal Worcester and Spode, the intellectual property and some of the stock were acquired by Portmeirion Group on 23 April 2009.. Thanks for visiting Portmeirion Group. Light grey earthenware Hydra jug with applied sprig mouldings in blue c.1825. When Spode employed the skilled engraver Thomas Lucas and printer James Richard, both of the Caughley factory, in 1783 he was able to introduce high quality blue printed earthenware to the market. An early heart-shaped in dish in Bone China decorated with Pattern number 319 c.1803. Spode's London retail shop in Portugal Street went by the name of Spode, Son, and Copeland. Under the name 'Spode Ltd' the same factories and business was continued after 1970. "Porcelain maker Royal Worcester & Spode goes bust", Selected Royal Warrant holders of the British Royal Family, Our Lady of the Angels and St Peter in Chains Church, Greatest Hits Radio Staffordshire & Cheshire, City of Stoke-on-Trent Sixth Form College, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Spode&oldid=991559655, Privately held companies of the United Kingdom, Manufacturing companies established in 1767, Articles with dead external links from June 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 November 2020, at 18:17. In 2009, Spode was bought by the Portmerion Pottery. Examples of both services illustrated in Copeland1998:35 figs 59, 60. On 6th November 2008 it called in administrators, who said the china maker had been hit by the recession and left cash … Underglaze "hot-press" printing was limited to the colours that would withstand the subsequent glaze firing, and a rich blue was the predominant colour. The Invention of Bone China: The Spode company, under Spode I and Spode II, is credited by potters, collectors, researchers and other experts with having perfected the bone china formula before 1800. A spectacular effect is achieved with just two ground-laid colours (iron red and cobalt blue) and gilding. Josiah Spode I is credited with the introduction of underglaze blue transfer printing on earthenware in 1783–84. Pattern number 3073 c.1821 . He then worked in a number of partnerships until he went into business for himself, renting a small potworks in the town of Stoke-on-Trent in 1767; in 1776 he completed the purchase of what became the Spode factory until 2008. Bone china Claw footed "beakersâ in two sizes, in Pattern number 2575, c.1815-17. Others have tried to replicate its popularity but the quality and the stunning detail of the decoration on each plate remains unmatched to this day. Bow-handled bucket in Bone China, decorated with pattern number 878, c.1806. This was then dipped in the glaze and returned to the kiln for the glost firing. Spode also used on-glaze transfers for other wares. The processes for underglaze and overglaze decoration were very different. Get the best deals on Copeland Spode England when you shop the largest online selection at eBay.com. The Spode family worked in pottery in Staffordshire as early as 1762. Today, Spode is owned by Portmeirion Group, a pottery and homewares company based in Stoke-on-Trent. His son, Josiah Spode II, was certainly responsible for the successful marketing of English bone china. Thomas Minton, another Caughley-trained engraver, also supplied copper plates to Spode until he opened his own factory in Stoke-on-Trent in 1796. The key to the perfect dinner party is to plan ahead, and that includes making sure your china cabinet is stocked for every type of gathering. An early Spode Devonia shape dish bearing the âStoke Chinaâ mark, indicating a date of manufacture of pre-1800, when Spode renamed âStoke Chinaâ as âBone Chinaâ. Spodes's pattern 967, the most popular imitation of "Imari" wares, was recorded in 1807. The technique was developed by adding calcined bone to this glassy frit, for example in the productions of Bow porcelain and Chelsea porcelain, and this was carried on from at least the 1750s onwards. The well-known Spode blue-and-white dinner services with engraved sporting scenes and Italian views were developed under Josiah Spode the younger, but continued to be reproduced into much later times. Ball shape tea pot , sugar box and creamer with Bute shape tea cup and saucer c.1820, Spode Octagonal shape tea wares in Felspar Porcelain. The History of the Spode Christmas Tree China Pattern. 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